An unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV) is an aircraft without a human pilot onboard and a type of unmanned vehicle. In the past, the development of UAV systems and platforms were primarily motivated by military goals and applications. The core missions of the UAV use are reconnaissance “the activity to obtain by visual or other detection methods information about what is present or happening at some point or in some area” and surveillance “the systematic observation of aerospace, surface or subsurface areas, places persons or thing by visual, aural, electronic, photographic or other means”. The importance of a research is to convert the drone data taken from the drone sensors into actionable business insights. Respond to these problems, the long-term goal of the research is to develop the (UAV) to be a full function of the applications such as Surveying and Mapping on the construction sites, monitoring the forest (forestry). The objectives of this project are to provide the design method of a Fixed Wing UAV horizontal landing and to design a flight controller of the fixed-wing UAV in both manual and autopilot modes.
In this research, MATLAB Aircraft Intuitive Design (AID) is used for predicting fixed-wing aircraft stability and control to get the design model and aerodynamics coefficients. A CAD software has been used for designing the structure of fixed-wing UAV. To reach the objective of designing the flight controller, mathematical modeling of the aircraft is described, and its linearization is also included. Then, we analyze the trim condition of the state-space of the linearized model. For flight controller designing, we consider both manual and autopilot mode.
The UAV structure is designed using CAD software and simulation.
3D Print Part
Filament (PLA): using as the frame rib of the wing, fuselage and the control surface.
Foam (Polystyrene): using as the wing and body frame of the aircraft.
UAV Airframe Assembly
Airframe Assemble of the UAV second prototype.